Rombel 2, Dasliselek. Diskusikan

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Berdasarkan materi yang sudah didiskusikan di kelas minggu lalu, dioda merupakan komponen yang terbuat dari bahan semikonduktor tipe P dan N. Diskusikan karakteristik gabungan antara bahan tipe P dan N tersebut jika dihubungkan dengan suatu sumber tegangan. Silakan diskusikan dengan menuliskan di kolom komen. Hasilnya ditunggu hari ini selasa 21 Mei 2019 sampai pukul 18.00 WIB.

5508 COMMENTS

  1. 5202418064

    Dioda terbuat dari bahan semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N.
    Jika semikonduktor tipe N dihubungkan dengan positif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka elektron akan mengalir langsung ke positif baterai tanpa melewati batas dan semikonduktor tipe P dihubungkan dengan negatif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka hole akan mengalir langsung ke negatif baterai tanpa melewati batas. Sehingga dengan kondisi tersebut maka tidak ada hole dan elektron yang melewati batas antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N, sehingga arus listrik tidak dapat mengalir.

    Dan sebaliknya jika semikonduktor tipe N dihubungkan dengan negatif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka elektron akan mengalir ke positif baterai dengan melewati batas, dan semikonduktor tipe P dihubungkan dengan positif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka hole akan mengalir ke negatif baterai dengan melewati batas. Dengan adanya elektron dan hole yang mengalir melewati batas antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N maka arus listrik dapat mengalir.

  2. 5202418056

    Apa bila gabungan semikonduktor Tipe P dan N dirangkai dengan arus dimana terminal negatif disambungkan pada semikonduktor tipe P dan terminal positif pada tipe N, maka yang terjadi adalah tidak akan terjadi arus, disebabkan karena tipe P yang kekurangan elektron dimana hole akan bergerak ke terminal negatif dan tipe N yang kelebihan elektron dimana elektron akan bergerak ke terminal positif sehingga hole maupun elektron tidak ada yang melewati batas antar semikonduktor tipe N dan P sehingga dapat dikatakan netral

    Apabila gabungan semikonduktor Tipe P dan N dirangkai dengan arus dimana tipe P dihubungkan dengan terminal positif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan terminal negatif maka akan terjadi aliran arus Karena hole pada tipe P akan mengalir ke terminal negatif dan elektron pada tipe N akan mengalir ke terminal positif, hole maupun elektron akan bergerak melewati batas sehingga akan terjadi aliran arus sampai semua elektron dan hole seimbang.

  3. 5202418054

    Karakteristik dari gabungan bahan semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N jika dihubungkan dengan sumber tegangan adalah jika digabung maka kedua tipe semikonduktor tersebut mempunyai batas. Bila tipe P dihubungkan dengan tegangan negatif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan tegangan positif maka tidak akan ada arus listrik, karena tipe P atomnya akan lebih cenderung bergerak ke daerah yang kelebihan elektron yaitu terminal negatif, sedangkan tipe N atomnya akan lebih cenderung bergerak ke daerah yang kekurangan elektron yaitu terminal negatif, sehingga tidak ada hole yang melewati batas sehingga tidak terjadi arus listrik. Berbeda jika terminal baterainya dibalik tipe P dihubungkan dengan terminal positif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan terminal negatif, sehingga keduanya akan cenderung bergerak melewati batas, karena kedua atom tersebut saling memiliki kecenderungan atom yang bergerak yang saling berlawanan, sehingga ada hole yang melewati batas dan terjadilah arus listrik.

  4. Semikonduktor tipe P
    Dibuat dengan penambahan bahan ( Ga: gallium, P: phospore, B: boron) memiliki empat valence electron intrinsic semiconductor. Bila kedua jenis material ini bertemu, maka atom silicon dari kedua jenis atom ini tidak bisa berbagi elektron, sehingga arus listrik dapat mengalir dengan mudah, dimana lowongan ini disebut hole. Tipe semikonduktor ini disebut P (positif) karena diasumsikan muatan listriknya mengalir melalui hole yang ada di dalam semikonduktor tipe P ini.

    Semikonduktor tipe N
    Dibuat dengan menambahkan bahan material ( P: phospore, As: arsenic, Sb: anitominy) memiliki lima lapisan luar elektron dalam intrinsic semikonduktor. Bila lima valensi ini ditambahkan untuk mengikat silicon, maka satu elektron tetap bertahan sebagai kelebihan didalam octet, sehingga daya hantar alektron tersebut bisa baik melalui gerak bebas elektron yang tertinggal. Semikonduktor ini disebut N (negatif) karena arus listriknya diasumsikan adalah negatif. Arus listrik ini mengalir melalui penghantar elektron.

    P-N Junction (persimpangan antara P-N)
    Bila P dan N secara kimiawi dibatasi satu dengan lainnya, maka dibuat persamaan tidak ada penghantar seperti hole dan elektron bebas ditahan bersama di permukaan persimpangan (junction). Permukaan junction ini disebut dengan depletion layer dan semikonduktor yang dipisah disebut dengan PN Junction semikonduktor atau diode. Maka muatan listrik yang ada dari perbedaan polaritas satu sama lainnya, menghasilkan sedikit potensial listrik, disebut dengan electric potential barrier.

  5. 5202418053
    Dioda merupakan piranti non-linear karena grafik arus terhadap tegangan bukan berupa garis lurus. Alasannya adalah karena adanya potensial penghalang (potensial barrier). Saat tegangan dioda lebih kecil dari tegangan penghambat tersebut, maka arus dioda akan kecil. Ketika tegangan dioda melebihi potensial penghalang,arus dioda akan naik secara cepat.

    Dioda terbentuk dari bahan semikonduktor tipe P dan N yang digabungkan. Dengan demikian dioda sering disebut PN junction. Dioda adalah gabungan bahan semikonduktor tipe N yang merupakan bahan dengan kelebihan elektron dan tipe P adalah kekurangan satu elektron sehingga membentuk Hole. Hole dalam hal ini berfungsi sebagai pembawa muatan. Apabila kutub P pada dioda (anoda) dihubungkan dengan kutub positif sumber maka akan terjadi pengaliran arus listrik dimana elektron bebas pada sisi N (katoda) akan berpindah mengisi hole sehingga terjadi pengaliran arus. Sebaliknya apabila sisi P dihubungkan dengan negatif baterai/sumber, maka elektron akan berpindah ke arah terminal positif sumber. Didalam dioda tidak akan terjadi perpindahan elektron. Konstruksi dioda daya sama dengan dioda-dioda sinyal sambungan PN. Bedanya adalah dioda daya mempunyai kapasitas daya (arus dan tegangan) yang lebih tinggi dari dioda-dioda sinyal biasa, namun kecepatan penyaklarannya lebih rendah. Dioda daya merupakan komponen semikonduktor sambungan PN yang mempunyai dua terminal sebagaimana dioda pada umumnya, yaitu terminal anoda (A) dan katoda (K).

  6. 5202418075
    Dioda dibuat dari bahan semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N.
    Jika semikonduktor tipe N mentransfer dengan baterai positif atau sumber tegangan, maka elektron akan mengalirkan langsung ke baterai positif tanpa melewati batas dan semikonduktor tipe P dengan baterai listrik atau sumber tegangan, maka lubang akan mengalir baterai negatif tanpa batas. Karena dengan demikian maka tidak ada lubang dan elektron yang melewati batas antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N, sehingga arus listrik tidak dapat mengalir.

    Bila gabungan semikonduktor Tipe P dan N dirangkai dengan arus sedangkan tipe P setuju dengan terminal positif dan tipe N dipertanyakan dengan terminal negatif maka akan terjadi aliran arus Karena lubang pada tipe P akan mengalir ke terminal negatif dan elektron pada tipe N akan berpindah ke terminal positif, lubang elektron akan bergerak melewati batas sehingga akan terjadi aliran aliran sampai semua elektron dan lubang seimbang.

  7. Apa Bila gabungan dari semikonduktor Tipe P dan N dirangkai dengan arus dimana terminal negatif (-) disambungkan pada semikonduktor tipe P dan terminal positif (+) pada tipe N, yang terjadi adalah tidak terjadi arus, disebabkan karena tipe P yang kekurangan elektron dimana hole akan bergerak ke terminal negatif (-) dan tipe N yang kelebihan elektron dimana elektron akan bergerak ke terminal positif (+) sehingga hole maupun elektron tidak ada yang melewati batas antar semikonduktor tipe N dan P sehingga dapat dikatakan netral

    Apabila gabungan semikonduktor Tipe P dan N dirangkai dengan arus dimana tipe P dihubungkan dengan terminal positif (+)dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan terminal negatif (-) maka akan terjadi aliran arus Karena hole pada tipe P akan mengalir ke terminal negatif (-) dan elektron pada tipe N akan mengalir ke terminal positif (+) hole maupun elektron akan bergerak melampaui batas sehingga akan terjadi aliran arus sampai semua elektron dan hole seimbang.

  8. 5202418074

    Semiconductor tipe P Semikonduktor ini dibuat dengan penambahan bahan (Ga : gallium; In :phosporous; B: boron)Memiliki tiga valensi elektron intrinsic semikonduktor. Melalui empat lapisan luar elektron yang dimilikinya, bila kedua jenis material ini bertemu satu dengan lainnya, maka atom silikon dari kedua jenis atom tidak ini tidak bisa berbagi elektron, sehingga arus listrik dapat mengalir dengan mudah ini disebut hole. Tipe semikonduktor ini biasa disebut dengan P (positive) karena diasumsikan muatan listriknya adalah positif karena elektronnya lebih sedikit. Saat mendapat tegangan, elektron mengisi sisi hole kemudian hole tersebut secara terus menerus bergerak menurun. Arus listriknya mengalir melalui hole yang ada di dalam semikonduktor tipe P ini.

    Semikonduktor tipe N Semikonduktor ini dibuat dengan menambahkan material (P: phosphorus; As: arsenic; Sb: antimony) memiliki 5 lapisan luar elektron dalam intrinsic semikonduktor. Bila lima valensi element ini ditambahkan untuk mengikat dengan silicon, maka satu elektron tetap bertahan sebagai kelebihan di dalam octet, sehingga daya hantar elektron tersebut bisa baik melalui gerak bebas elektron yang tertinggal. Semikonduktor ini disebut dengan tipe N (negatif) karena arus listriknya diasumsikan adalah negatif. Arus listrik ini mengalir melalui semikonduktor tipe N.

    Ketika kedua tipe semikonduktor (p dan n) dijadikan satu, maka semikonduktor tersebut bersifat p dan n. Daerah tempat terjadinya kontak antara kedua tipe semionduktor disebut p-n junction. Dari penggabungan ini kita mengenal dioda yang menghasilkan arus listrik hanya dalam satu arah saja (direct current). Kombinasi dari p-n junction dapat digunakan untuk membuat transistor dan berbagai device semikonduktor yang sifat kelistrikannya dapat dikontrol. Sedangkan hasil dari penggabungan transistor yang dihasilkan oleh p-n junction tersebut dengan dipadukan oleh komponen pasif serta komponen aktif dalam sebuah chip tunggal dari silikon adalah integrated circuit yang biasa dikenal di kalangan masyarakat sebagai IC. IC memiliki kegunaan yang sangat luas di dunia elektronik, semua perangkat elektronik seperti komputer, handphone, dan peralatan digital elektronik lainnya menggunakan IC sebagai komponen dasarnya.

  9. 5202418051

    -Semiconductor tipe P
    Semiconductor ini dibuat dengan penambahan bahan (Ga : gallium; In :phosporous; B: boron)Memiliki tiga valence electron intrinsic semiconductor. Melalui empat lapisan luar electron yang dimilikinya, bila kedua jenis material ini bertemu satu dengan lainnya, maka atom silicon dari kedua jenis atom tidak ini tidak bisa berbagi electron, sehingga arus listrik dapat mengalir dengan mudah dimana lowongan ini disebut hole. Tipe semiconductor ini biasa disebut dengan P (positive) karena diasumsikan muatan listriknya adalah positif karena elektronnya lebih sedikit. Saat mendapat tegangan, electron mengisi sisi hole kemudian hole tersebut secara terus menerus bergerak menurun. Arus listriknya mengalir melalui hole yang ada di dalam semiconductor tipe P ini
    -Semiconductor tipe N
    Semiconductor ini dibuat dengan menambahkan material (P: phosphorus; As: arsenic; Sb: antimony) memiliki 5 lapisan luar electron dalam intrinsic semiconductor. Bila lima valenci element ini ditambahkan untuk mengikat dengan silicon, maka satu electron tetap bertahan sebagai kelebihan di dalam octet, sehingga daya hantar electron tersebut bisa baik melalui gerak bebas elektron yang tertinggal. Semiconductor ini disebut dengan tipe N (negatif) karena arus listriknya diasumsikan adalah negatif. Arus listrik ini mengalir melalui semiconductor tipe N (penghantar : elektron).
    P-N Junction (persimpangan antara P-N) Bila semiconductor tipe P dan N secara kimiawi dibatasi satu dengan lainnya, maka dibuat persamaan dimana tidak ada carrier (penghantar) seperti hole dan electron bebas ditahan bersama di bagian sempit dari permukaan persimpangan (junction).
    Permukaan junction ini disebut dengan depletion layer, dan semiconductor yang dipisah disebut dengan PN junction semiconductor atau diode. Maka muatan listrik yang ada dari perbedaan polaritas satu sama lainnya, menghasilkan sedikit potensial listrik, disebut dengan electric potential barrier.

  10. 5202418046

    Dioda dibuat dari bahan semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N.
    Jika semikonduktor tipe N mentransfer dengan baterai positif (+) atau sumber tegangan, maka elektron akan mengalirkan langsung ke baterai positif tanpa melewati batas dan semikonduktor tipe P dengan baterai listrik atau sumber tegangan, maka lubang akan mengalir baterai negatif (-) tanpa batas. Karena dengan demikian maka tidak ada lubang dan elektron yang melewati batas antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N, sehingga arus listrik tidak dapat mengalir.

    jika semikonduktor tipe N dihubungkan dengan negatif (-) baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka elektron akan mengalir ke positif (+) baterai dengan melewati batas, dan semikonduktor tipe P dihubungkan dengan positif (+) baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka hole akan mengalir ke negatif (-) baterai dengan melewati batas. Dengan adanya elektron dan hole yang mengalir melewati batas antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N maka arus listrik dapat mengalir.

  11. 5202418061
    Semikonduktor tipe P
    Dibuat dengan penambahan bahan ( Ga: gallium, P: phospore, B: boron) memiliki empat valence electron intrinsic semiconductor. Bila kedua jenis material ini bertemu, maka atom silicon dari kedua jenis atom ini tidak bisa berbagi elektron, sehingga arus listrik dapat mengalir dengan mudah, dimana lowongan ini disebut hole. Tipe semikonduktor ini disebut P (positif) karena diasumsikan muatan listriknya mengalir melalui hole yang ada di dalam semikonduktor tipe P ini.

    Dan sebaliknya jika semikonduktor tipe N dihubungkan dengan negatif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka elektron akan mengalir ke positif baterai dengan melewati batas, dan semikonduktor tipe P dihubungkan dengan positif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka hole akan mengalir ke negatif baterai dengan melewati batas. Dengan adanya elektron dan hole yang mengalir melewati batas antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N maka arus listrik dapat mengalir.

    Apabila gabungan semikonduktor Tipe P dan N dirangkai dengan arus dimana tipe P dihubungkan dengan terminal positif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan terminal negatif maka akan terjadi aliran arus Karena hole pada tipe P akan mengalir ke terminal negatif dan elektron pada tipe N akan mengalir ke terminal positif, hole maupun elektron akan bergerak melewati batas sehingga akan terjadi aliran arus sampai semua elektron dan hole seimbang.

  12. 5202418059

    Apa bila gabungan semikonduktor Tipe P dan N dirangkai dengan arus dimana terminal negatif disambungkan pada semikonduktor tipe P dan terminal positif pada tipe N, maka yang terjadi adalah tidak akan terjadi arus, disebabkan karena tipe P yang kekurangan elektron dimana hole akan bergerak ke terminal negatif dan tipe N yang kelebihan elektron dimana elektron akan bergerak ke terminal positif sehingga hole maupun elektron tidak ada yang melewati batas antar semikonduktor tipe N dan P sehingga dapat dikatakan netral

    Apabila gabungan semikonduktor Tipe P dan N dirangkai dengan arus dimana tipe P dihubungkan dengan terminal positif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan terminal negatif maka akan terjadi aliran arus Karena hole pada tipe P akan mengalir ke terminal negatif dan elektron pada tipe N akan mengalir ke terminal positif, hole maupun elektron akan bergerak melewati batas sehingga akan terjadi aliran arus sampai semua elektron dan hole seimbang.

  13. 5302418043

    Semiconductor tipe P Semikonduktor ini dibuat dengan penambahan bahan (Ga : gallium; In :phosporous; B: boron)Memiliki tiga valensi elektron intrinsic semikonduktor. Melalui empat lapisan luar elektron yang dimilikinya, bila kedua jenis material ini bertemu satu dengan lainnya, maka atom silikon dari kedua jenis atom tidak ini tidak bisa berbagi elektron, sehingga arus listrik dapat mengalir dengan mudah ini disebut hole. Tipe semikonduktor ini biasa disebut dengan P (positive) karena diasumsikan muatan listriknya adalah positif karena elektronnya lebih sedikit. Saat mendapat tegangan, elektron mengisi sisi hole kemudian hole tersebut secara terus menerus bergerak menurun. Arus listriknya mengalir melalui hole yang ada di dalam semikonduktor tipe P ini.

    Semikonduktor tipe N Semikonduktor ini dibuat dengan menambahkan material (P: phosphorus; As: arsenic; Sb: antimony) memiliki 5 lapisan luar elektron dalam intrinsic semikonduktor. Bila lima valensi element ini ditambahkan untuk mengikat dengan silicon, maka satu elektron tetap bertahan sebagai kelebihan di dalam octet, sehingga daya hantar elektron tersebut bisa baik melalui gerak bebas elektron yang tertinggal. Semikonduktor ini disebut dengan tipe N (negatif) karena arus listriknya diasumsikan adalah negatif. Arus listrik ini mengalir melalui semikonduktor tipe N.

    Ketika kedua tipe semikonduktor (p dan n) dijadikan satu, maka semikonduktor tersebut bersifat p dan n. Daerah tempat terjadinya kontak antara kedua tipe semionduktor disebut p-n junction. Dari penggabungan ini kita mengenal dioda yang menghasilkan arus listrik hanya dalam satu arah saja (direct current). Kombinasi dari p-n junction dapat digunakan untuk membuat transistor dan berbagai device semikonduktor yang sifat kelistrikannya dapat dikontrol. Sedangkan hasil dari penggabungan transistor yang dihasilkan oleh p-n junction tersebut dengan dipadukan oleh komponen pasif serta komponen aktif dalam sebuah chip tunggal dari silikon adalah integrated circuit yang biasa dikenal di kalangan masyarakat sebagai IC. IC memiliki kegunaan yang sangat luas di dunia elektronik, semua perangkat elektronik seperti komputer, handphone, dan peralatan digital elektronik lainnya menggunakan IC sebagai komponen dasarnya.

  14. 5302418043

    Semikonduktor tipe P,Semikonduktor ini dibuat dengan penambahan bahan (Ga : gallium; In :phosporous; B: boron)Memiliki tiga valensi elektron intrinsic semikonduktor. Melalui empat lapisan luar elektron yang dimilikinya, bila kedua jenis material ini bertemu satu dengan lainnya, maka atom silikon dari kedua jenis atom tidak ini tidak bisa berbagi elektron, sehingga arus listrik dapat mengalir dengan mudah ini disebut hole.
    Tipe semikonduktor ini biasa disebut dengan P (positive) karena diasumsikan muatan listriknya adalah positif karena elektronnya lebih sedikit. Saat mendapat tegangan, elektron mengisi sisi hole kemudian hole tersebut secara terus menerus bergerak menurun. Arus listriknya mengalir melalui hole yang ada di dalam semikonduktor tipe P ini.
    Semikonduktor tipe N,Semikonduktor ini dibuat dengan menambahkan material (P: phosphorus; As: arsenic; Sb: antimony) memiliki 5 lapisan luar elektron dalam intrinsic semikonduktor. Bila lima valensi element ini ditambahkan untuk mengikat dengan silicon, maka satu elektron tetap bertahan sebagai kelebihan di dalam octet, sehingga daya hantar elektron tersebut bisa baik melalui gerak bebas elektron yang tertinggal. Semikonduktor ini disebut dengan tipe N (negatif) karena arus listriknya diasumsikan adalah negatif. Arus listrik ini mengalir melalui semikonduktor tipe N.

    Ketika kedua tipe semikonduktor (p dan n) dijadikan satu, maka semikonduktor tersebut bersifat p dan n. Daerah tempat terjadinya kontak antara kedua tipe semionduktor disebut p-n junction. Dari penggabungan ini kita mengenal dioda yang menghasilkan arus listrik hanya dalam satu arah saja (direct current). Kombinasi dari p-n junction dapat digunakan untuk membuat transistor dan berbagai device semikonduktor yang sifat kelistrikannya dapat dikontrol. Sedangkan hasil dari penggabungan transistor yang dihasilkan oleh p-n junction tersebut dengan dipadukan oleh komponen pasif serta komponen aktif dalam sebuah chip tunggal dari silikon adalah integrated circuit yang biasa dikenal di kalangan masyarakat sebagai IC. IC memiliki kegunaan yang sangat luas di dunia elektronik, semua perangkat elektronik seperti komputer, handphone, dan peralatan digital elektronik lainnya menggunakan IC sebagai komponen dasarnya.

  15. 5202418055

    Dioda dibuat dari bahan semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N.
    Jika semikonduktor tipe N mentransfer dengan baterai positif atau sumber tegangan, maka elektron akan mengalirkan langsung ke baterai positif tanpa melewati batas dan semikonduktor tipe P dengan baterai listrik atau sumber tegangan, maka lubang akan mengalir baterai negatif tanpa batas. Karena dengan demikian maka tidak ada lubang dan elektron yang melewati batas antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N, sehingga arus listrik tidak dapat mengalir.

    Bila gabungan semikonduktor Tipe P dan N dirangkai dengan arus sedangkan tipe P setuju dengan terminal positif dan tipe N dipertanyakan dengan terminal negatif maka akan terjadi aliran arus Karena lubang pada tipe P akan mengalir ke terminal negatif dan elektron pada tipe N akan berpindah ke terminal positif, lubang elektron akan bergerak melewati batas sehingga akan terjadi aliran aliran sampai semua elektron dan lubang seimbang.

  16. 5202418076

    Dioda dibuat dari bahan semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N. Jika semikonduktor tipe N mentransfer dengan baterai positif [+] atau sumber tegangan, maka elektron akan mengalirkan langsung ke baterai positif [+] tanpa melewati batas dan semikonduktor tipe P dengan baterai listrik atau sumber tegangan, maka lubang akan mengalir baterai negatif [-] tanpa batas. Karena dengan demikian maka tidak ada lubang dan elektron yang melewati batas antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N, sehingga arus listrik tidak dapat mengalir. Bila gabungan semikonduktor Tipe P dan N dirangkai dengan arus sedangkan tipe P setuju dengan terminal positif [+] dan tipe N dipertanyakan dengan terminal negatif [-] maka akan terjadi aliran arus Karena lubang pada tipe P akan mengalir ke terminal negatif [-] dan elektron pada tipe N akan berpindah ke terminal positif [+] , lubang elektron akan bergerak melewati batas sehingga akan terjadi aliran aliran sampai semua elektron dan lubang seimbang.

  17. 5202418068

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    Rombel 2, Dasliselek. Diskusikan
    By dwiwidjanarko – May 21, 20191553

    Berdasarkan materi yang sudah didiskusikan di kelas minggu lalu, dioda merupakan komponen yang terbuat dari bahan semikonduktor tipe P dan N. Diskusikan karakteristik gabungan antara bahan tipe P dan N tersebut jika dihubungkan dengan suatu sumber tegangan. Silakan diskusikan dengan menuliskan di kolom komen. Hasilnya ditunggu hari ini selasa 21 Mei 2019 sampai pukul 18.00 WIB.

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    15 COMMENTS
    Muhammad Fandi Khoirul Anam
    May 21, 2019 at 10:57 am
    5202418064

    Dioda terbuat dari bahan semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N.
    Jika semikonduktor tipe N dihubungkan dengan positif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka elektron akan mengalir langsung ke positif baterai tanpa melewati batas dan semikonduktor tipe P dihubungkan dengan negatif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka hole akan mengalir langsung ke negatif baterai tanpa melewati batas. Sehingga dengan kondisi tersebut maka tidak ada hole dan elektron yang melewati batas antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N, sehingga arus listrik tidak dapat mengalir.

    Dan sebaliknya jika semikonduktor tipe N dihubungkan dengan negatif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka elektron akan mengalir ke positif baterai dengan melewati batas, dan semikonduktor tipe P dihubungkan dengan positif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka hole akan mengalir ke negatif baterai dengan melewati batas. Dengan adanya elektron dan hole yang mengalir melewati batas antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N maka arus listrik dapat mengalir.

    Reply
    mathori abdullah al ghifari
    May 21, 2019 at 11:06 am
    5202418056

    Apa bila gabungan semikonduktor Tipe P dan N dirangkai dengan arus dimana terminal negatif disambungkan pada semikonduktor tipe P dan terminal positif pada tipe N, maka yang terjadi adalah tidak akan terjadi arus, disebabkan karena tipe P yang kekurangan elektron dimana hole akan bergerak ke terminal negatif dan tipe N yang kelebihan elektron dimana elektron akan bergerak ke terminal positif sehingga hole maupun elektron tidak ada yang melewati batas antar semikonduktor tipe N dan P sehingga dapat dikatakan netral

    Apabila gabungan semikonduktor Tipe P dan N dirangkai dengan arus dimana tipe P dihubungkan dengan terminal positif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan terminal negatif maka akan terjadi aliran arus Karena hole pada tipe P akan mengalir ke terminal negatif dan elektron pada tipe N akan mengalir ke terminal positif, hole maupun elektron akan bergerak melewati batas sehingga akan terjadi aliran arus sampai semua elektron dan hole seimbang.

    Reply
    Choirul Rifki Abdullah
    May 21, 2019 at 11:07 am
    5202418054

    Karakteristik dari gabungan bahan semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N jika dihubungkan dengan sumber tegangan adalah jika digabung maka kedua tipe semikonduktor tersebut mempunyai batas. Bila tipe P dihubungkan dengan tegangan negatif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan tegangan positif maka tidak akan ada arus listrik, karena tipe P atomnya akan lebih cenderung bergerak ke daerah yang kelebihan elektron yaitu terminal negatif, sedangkan tipe N atomnya akan lebih cenderung bergerak ke daerah yang kekurangan elektron yaitu terminal negatif, sehingga tidak ada hole yang melewati batas sehingga tidak terjadi arus listrik. Berbeda jika terminal baterainya dibalik tipe P dihubungkan dengan terminal positif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan terminal negatif, sehingga keduanya akan cenderung bergerak melewati batas, karena kedua atom tersebut saling memiliki kecenderungan atom yang bergerak yang saling berlawanan, sehingga ada hole yang melewati batas dan terjadilah arus listrik.

    • 5202418069

      semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N jika dihubungkan dengan sumber tegangan adalah jika digabung maka kedua tipe semikonduktor tersebut mempunyai batas. Bila tipe P dihubungkan dengan tegangan negatif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan tegangan positif maka tidak akan ada arus listrik, karena tipe P atomnya akan lebih cenderung bergerak ke daerah yang kelebihan elektron yaitu terminal negatif, sedangkan tipe N atomnya akan lebih cenderung bergerak ke daerah yang kekurangan elektron yaitu terminal negatif, sehingga tidak ada hole yang melewati batas sehingga tidak terjadi arus listrik. Berbeda jika terminal baterainya dibalik tipe P dihubungkan dengan terminal positif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan terminal negatif, sehingga keduanya akan cenderung bergerak melewati batas, karena kedua atom tersebut saling memiliki kecenderungan atom yang bergerak yang saling berlawanan, sehingga ada hole yang melewati batas dan terjadilah arus listrik.

    • semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N jika dihubungkan dengan sumber tegangan adalah jika digabung maka kedua tipe semikonduktor tersebut mempunyai batas. Bila tipe P dihubungkan dengan tegangan negatif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan tegangan positif maka tidak akan ada arus listrik, karena tipe P atomnya akan lebih cenderung bergerak ke daerah yang kelebihan elektron yaitu terminal negatif, sedangkan tipe N atomnya akan lebih cenderung bergerak ke daerah yang kekurangan elektron yaitu terminal negatif, sehingga tidak ada hole yang melewati batas sehingga tidak terjadi arus listrik. Berbeda jika terminal baterainya dibalik tipe P dihubungkan dengan terminal positif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan terminal negatif, sehingga keduanya akan cenderung bergerak melewati batas, karena kedua atom tersebut saling memiliki kecenderungan atom yang bergerak yang saling berlawanan, sehingga ada hole yang melewati batas dan terjadilah arus listrik.

  18. 5202418057

    Dioda merupakan piranti non-linear karena grafik arus terhadap tegangan bukan berupa garis lurus. Alasannya adalah karena adanya potensial penghalang (potensial barrier). Saat tegangan dioda lebih kecil dari tegangan penghambat tersebut, maka arus dioda akan kecil. Ketika tegangan dioda melebihi potensial penghalang,arus dioda akan naik secara cepat.

    Dioda terbentuk dari bahan semikonduktor tipe P dan N yang digabungkan. Dengan demikian dioda sering disebut PN junction. Dioda adalah gabungan bahan semikonduktor tipe N yang merupakan bahan dengan kelebihan elektron dan tipe P adalah kekurangan satu elektron sehingga membentuk Hole. Hole dalam hal ini berfungsi sebagai pembawa muatan. Apabila kutub P pada dioda (anoda) dihubungkan dengan kutub positif sumber maka akan terjadi pengaliran arus listrik dimana elektron bebas pada sisi N (katoda) akan berpindah mengisi hole sehingga terjadi pengaliran arus. Sebaliknya apabila sisi P dihubungkan dengan negatif baterai/sumber, maka elektron akan berpindah ke arah terminal positif sumber. Didalam dioda tidak akan terjadi perpindahan elektron. Konstruksi dioda daya sama dengan dioda-dioda sinyal sambungan PN. Bedanya adalah dioda daya mempunyai kapasitas daya (arus dan tegangan) yang lebih tinggi dari dioda-dioda sinyal biasa, namun kecepatan penyaklarannya lebih rendah. Dioda daya merupakan komponen semikonduktor sambungan PN yang mempunyai dua terminal sebagaimana dioda pada umumnya, yaitu terminal anoda (A) dan katoda (K).

  19. * Dioda terbuat dari bahan semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N :
    Jika semikonduktor tipe N dihubungkan dengan positif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka elektron akan mengalir langsung ke positif baterai tanpa melewati batas dan semikonduktor tipe P dihubungkan dengan negatif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka hole akan mengalir langsung ke negatif baterai tanpa melewati batas. Sehingga dengan kondisi tersebut maka tidak ada hole dan elektron yang melewati batas antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N, sehingga arus listrik tidak dapat mengalir.

    Dan sebaliknya jika semikonduktor tipe N dihubungkan dengan negatif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka elektron akan mengalir ke positif baterai dengan melewati batas, dan semikonduktor tipe P dihubungkan dengan positif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka hole akan mengalir ke negatif baterai dengan melewati batas. Dengan adanya elektron dan hole yang mengalir melewati batas antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N maka arus listrik dapat mengalir.

  20. 5202418077

    Dioda disusun atas dua lapis semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N. Lapisan P dihubungkan dengan kaki anode (A), dan lapisan N dihubungkan dengan kaki katode (K).Pendekatan diode ideal: Jika anode diberi tegangan lebih positip dibandingkan katode (bias maju) maka diode akan menghantar, arus mengalir dari anode menuju katode. Sebaliknya jika tegangan anode lebih negatif dibandingkan katode (bias mundur) maka diode tidak menghantar, tidak ada arus yang mengalir.Dalam kenyataannya diode baru akan menghantar jika tegangan diode (VAK) lebih dari tegangan Threshold. Secara teoritis VTHadala0,7

    Bila tipe P dihubungkan dengan tegangan negatif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan tegangan positif maka tidak akan ada arus listrik, karena tipe P atomnya akan lebih cenderung bergerak ke daerah yang kelebihan elektron yaitu terminal negatif, sedangkan tipe N atomnya akan lebih cenderung bergerak ke daerah yang kekurangan elektron yaitu terminal negatif, sehingga tidak ada hole yang melewati batas sehingga tidak terjadi arus listrik. Berbeda jika terminal baterainya dibalik tipe P dihubungkan dengan terminal positif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan terminal negatif, sehingga keduanya akan cenderung bergerak melewati batas, karena kedua atom tersebut saling memiliki kecenderungan atom yang bergerak yang saling berlawanan, sehingga ada hole yang melewati batas dan terjadilah arus listrik.

  21. NIM : 5202418044

    Semikonduktor tipe n    merupakan silikon murni yang dapat diubah-ubah tingkat konduktivitasnya dengan cara menambahkan (doping) unsur lain yang berbeda jumlah elektron valensinya.Proses penambahan unsur lain ini mengakibatkan silikon menjadi tidak murni (ekstrinsik).

    Semikonduktor tipe p terjadi jika bahan silikon di-doping dengan bahan yang lain yang mempunyai elektron bervalensi tiga,maka akan diperoleh semikonduktor tipe p karena terjadi kekurangan elektron.Kekurangan elektron ini mengakibatkan kovalen yang bolong (hole).Hole merupakan digambarkan sebagai akseptor  yang dapat menerima elektron.

    Karakteristik dari gabungan bahan semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N jika dihubungkan dengan sumber tegangan adalah jika digabung maka kedua tipe semikonduktor tersebut mempunyai batas. Bila tipe P dihubungkan dengan tegangan negatif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan tegangan positif maka tidak akan ada arus listrik, karena tipe P atomnya akan lebih cenderung bergerak ke daerah yang kelebihan elektron yaitu terminal negatif, sedangkan tipe N atomnya akan lebih cenderung bergerak ke daerah yang kekurangan elektron yaitu terminal negatif, sehingga tidak ada hole yang melewati batas sehingga tidak terjadi arus listrik. Berbeda jika terminal baterainya dibalik tipe P dihubungkan dengan terminal positif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan terminal negatif, sehingga keduanya akan cenderung bergerak melewati batas, karena kedua atom tersebut saling memiliki kecenderungan atom yang bergerak yang saling berlawanan, sehingga ada hole yang melewati batas dan terjadilah arus listrik.

  22. 5202418072

    Dioda dibuat dari bahan semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N. Jika semikonduktor tipe N mentransfer dengan baterai positif [+] atau sumber tegangan, maka elektron akan mengalirkan langsung ke baterai positif [+] tanpa melewati batas dan semikonduktor tipe P dengan baterai listrik atau sumber tegangan, maka lubang akan mengalir baterai negatif [-] tanpa batas. Karena dengan demikian maka tidak ada lubang dan elektron yang melewati batas antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N, sehingga arus listrik tidak dapat mengalir. Bila gabungan semikonduktor Tipe P dan N dirangkai dengan arus sedangkan tipe P setuju dengan terminal positif [+] dan tipe N dipertanyakan dengan terminal negatif [-] maka akan terjadi aliran arus Karena lubang pada tipe P akan mengalir ke terminal negatif [-] dan elektron pada tipe N akan berpindah ke terminal positif [+] , lubang elektron akan bergerak melewati batas sehingga akan terjadi aliran aliran sampai semua elektron dan lubang seimbang.

  23. 5202418047

    Karakteristik gabungan antara bahan tipe P dan N tersebut jika dihubungkan dengan suatu sumber tegangan sebagai berikut :

    Tipe– N
    Semikonduktor ini dibuat dengan menambahkan material phosporus (P) , arsen (As), antimony (Sb), memiliki 5 lapisan luar elektron dalam intrinsik semikonduktor.
    Cara kerja nya, Jika digabungan dari semikonduktor Tipe P dan N dirangkai dengan arus dimana tipe N dihubungkan dengan terminal negatif (-) disambungkan pada semikonduktor tipe P dan terminal positif (+) pada tipe N, yang terjadi adalah tidak terjadi arus, disebabkan karena tipe P yang kekurangan elektron dimana hole akan bergerak ke terminal negatif (-) dan tipe N yang kelebihan elektron dimana elektron akan bergerak ke terminal positif (+) sehingga hole maupun elektron tidak ada yang melewati batas antar semikonduktor tipe N dan P sehingga dapat dikatakan netral

    TIPE – P
    Semikonduktor ini dibuat dengan penambahan bahan Gallium (Ga) , phosporus (P) ,dan Boron (Br), memiliki tiga valence electron intrinsik semikonduktor.
    Cara kerja nya, apabila gabungan semikonduktor Tipe P dan N dirangkai dengan arus dimana tipe P dihubungkan dengan terminal positif (+)dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan terminal negatif (-) maka akan terjadi aliran arus Karena hole pada tipe P akan mengalir ke terminal negatif (-) dan elektron pada tipe N akan mengalir ke terminal positif (+) hole maupun elektron akan bergerak melampaui batas sehingga akan terjadi aliran arus sampai semua elektron dan hole seimbang.

  24. 5202418058

    Dioda merupakan piranti non-linear karena grafik arus terhadap tegangan bukan berupa garis lurus. Alasannya adalah karena adanya potensial penghalang (potensial barrier). Saat tegangan dioda lebih kecil dari tegangan penghambat tersebut, maka arus dioda akan kecil. Ketika tegangan dioda melebihi potensial penghalang,arus dioda akan naik secara cepat.

    Dioda terbentuk dari bahan semikonduktor tipe P dan N yang digabungkan. Dengan demikian dioda sering disebut PN junction. Dioda adalah gabungan bahan semikonduktor tipe N yang merupakan bahan dengan kelebihan elektron dan tipe P adalah kekurangan satu elektron sehingga membentuk Hole. Hole dalam hal ini berfungsi sebagai pembawa muatan. Apabila kutub P pada dioda (anoda) dihubungkan dengan kutub positif sumber maka akan terjadi pengaliran arus listrik dimana elektron bebas pada sisi N (katoda) akan berpindah mengisi hole sehingga terjadi pengaliran arus. Sebaliknya apabila sisi P dihubungkan dengan negatif baterai/sumber, maka elektron akan berpindah ke arah terminal positif sumber. Didalam dioda tidak akan terjadi perpindahan elektron. Konstruksi dioda daya sama dengan dioda-dioda sinyal sambungan PN. Bedanya adalah dioda daya mempunyai kapasitas daya (arus dan tegangan) yang lebih tinggi dari dioda-dioda sinyal biasa, namun kecepatan penyaklarannya lebih rendah. Dioda daya merupakan komponen semikonduktor sambungan PN yang mempunyai dua terminal sebagaimana dioda pada umumnya, yaitu terminal anoda (A) dan katoda (K).

  25. 5202418049

    Apabila dioda tipe P dihubungkan dengan kutub negatif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan kutub positif maka tidak akan terjadi arus karena masing masing berjalan pada jalurnya dan tidak ada yang melewati perbatasan.

    Apabila dioda tipe P dihubungkan ke kutub positif dan tipe N dihubungkan ke kutub negatif maka dari keduanya akan terjadi arus, karena hole dan elektron masing masing melintas melewati perbatasan untuk bergerak ke kutub yang berbeda.

  26. Karakteristik dari gabungan bahan semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N jika dihubungkan dengan sumber tegangan adalah jika digabung maka kedua tipe semikonduktor tersebut mempunyai batas. Bila tipe P dihubungkan dengan tegangan negatif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan tegangan positif maka tidak akan ada arus listrik, karena tipe P atomnya akan lebih cenderung bergerak ke daerah yang kelebihan elektron yaitu terminal negatif, sedangkan tipe N atomnya akan lebih cenderung bergerak ke daerah yang kekurangan elektron yaitu terminal negatif, sehingga tidak ada hole yang melewati batas sehingga tidak terjadi arus listrik. Berbeda jika terminal baterainya dibalik tipe P dihubungkan dengan terminal positif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan terminal negatif, sehingga keduanya akan cenderung bergerak melewati batas, karena kedua atom tersebut saling memiliki kecenderungan atom yang bergerak yang saling berlawanan, sehingga ada hole yang melewati batas dan terjadilah arus listrik.

    • 5202418073

      Karakteristik dari gabungan bahan semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N jika dihubungkan dengan sumber tegangan adalah jika digabung maka kedua tipe semikonduktor tersebut mempunyai batas. Bila tipe P dihubungkan dengan tegangan negatif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan tegangan positif maka tidak akan ada arus listrik, karena tipe P atomnya akan lebih cenderung bergerak ke daerah yang kelebihan elektron yaitu terminal negatif, sedangkan tipe N atomnya akan lebih cenderung bergerak ke daerah yang kekurangan elektron yaitu terminal negatif, sehingga tidak ada hole yang melewati batas sehingga tidak terjadi arus listrik. Berbeda jika terminal baterainya dibalik tipe P dihubungkan dengan terminal positif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan terminal negatif, sehingga keduanya akan cenderung bergerak melewati batas, karena kedua atom tersebut saling memiliki kecenderungan atom yang bergerak yang saling berlawanan, sehingga ada hole yang melewati batas dan terjadilah arus listrik.

  27. 5202418060
    Dioda merupakan salah satu bahan semikonduktor. Dioda sendiri terdiri dari terminal tipe P dan tipe N. Jika kedua bahan semikonduktor tipe N dan tipe P di gabungkan maka akan memiliki karakteristik yang berbeda tergantung dari sumber tegangannya. Apabila tipe N dihubungkan dengan positif baterai atau sumber tegangan positif, maka elektron akan mengalir langsung ke positif baterai tanpa melewati batas sedangkan semikonduktor tipe P dihubungkan dengan negatif baterai atau sumber tegangan negatif, maka hole akan mengalir langsung ke negatif baterai tanpa melewati batas. Dengan kondisi tersebut maka tidak ada hole dan elektron yang melewati batas antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N, sehingga terjadi kekosongan dalam kedua terminal tersebut dan arus listrik tidak dapat mengalir. Namun sebaliknya jika semikonduktor tipe N dan tipe P di gabungkan, kemudian terminal tipe N dihubungkan dengan negatif baterai atau sumber tegangan negatif, maka elektron akan mengalir mencari sumber positif baterai dengan melewati batas, sedangkan semikonduktor tipe P dihubungkan dengan positif baterai atau sumber tegangan positif, maka hole akan mengalir mencari sumber negatif baterai dengan melewati batas. Dengan adanya elektron dan hole yang mengalir melewati batas tersebut maka antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N dapat mengalir arus listrik.

  28. 5202418041

    Dioda

    komponen yang terbentuk dari bahan semikonduktor tipe N yang merupakan bahan dengan kelebihan elektron dan tipe P adalah kekurangan satu elektron sehingga membentuk Hole. Hole dalam hal ini berfungsi sebagai pembawa muatan. Apabila kutub P pada dioda (anoda) dihubungkan dengan kutub positif sumber maka akan terjadi pengaliran arus listrik dimana elektron bebas pada sisi N (katoda) akan berpindah mengisi hole sehingga terjadi pengaliran arus. Sebaliknya apabila sisi P dihubungkan dengan negatif baterai/sumber, maka elektron akan berpindah ke arah terminal positif sumber. Didalam dioda tidak akan terjadi perpindahan elektron. Konstruksi dioda daya sama dengan dioda-dioda sinyal sambungan PN. Bedanya adalah dioda daya mempunyai kapasitas daya (arus dan tegangan) yang lebih tinggi dari dioda-dioda sinyal biasa, namun kecepatan penyaklarannya lebih rendah. Dioda daya merupakan komponen semikonduktor sambungan PN yang mempunyai dua terminal sebagaimana dioda pada umumnya, yaitu terminal anoda (A) dan katoda (K).

  29. 5202418070
    KARAKTERISTIK DIODA

    Ketika suatu sambungan dibentuk dari dari bahan semikonduktor tipe-P dan tipe-N, perangkat yang dihasilkan disebut dioda. Komponen ini memberikan resistansisangat rendah pada aliran arus pada satu arah dan resistansi yang sangat tinggi terhadap aliran arusterhadap arah yang berlawanan. Karakteristik ini memungkinkan dioda untuk memberikantanggapan yang berbeda sesuai arah arus yang mengalir di dalamnya. Dioda merupakan komponen elektronik yang dibuat dari bahan semikonduktor (silikonatau germanium) tipe P (lubang) dan tipe N (elektron bebas)yang disatukan. Dioda memilikidua kaki yaitu anoda yang dihubungkan pada sumber tegangan positif dan katodadihubungkan pada sumber tegangan negatif. Arus listrik mengalir dari kaki anoda ke kakikatoda, atau dari semihantar P ke semi hantar N (forward bias). kaki anoda dihubungkanke sumber negatif dan kaki katoda dihubungkan ke sumber positif (re”erse bias) maka dioda akan memiliki hambatan yang sangat besar sehingga arus tidak bisa lewat. berbeda dengan sebuah resistor, sebuah dioda tidak berperilaku linier terhadap tegangan yang diberikanmelainkan dioda menghasilka kaakteristik yang eksponensial. Dioda memiliki fungsi yang unik yaitu tegangan dan arus dioda. Dari data tersebut akandidapatkan sebuah kur”a karateristik hubungan antara arus tegangan pada dioda.&selan’utnya, dari kur”a tersebut akan ditentukan garis beban dan titik ker’a dari dioda yangdigunakan. Dan yang terakhir akan ditentukan tegangan zener berdasarkan kur”akarakteristik arus % tegangan yang dimiliki oleh dioda zener yang digunakan pada percobaanini. Percobaan ini dilakukan untuk menggambarkan dan menginterpretasi kur”a karakteristik arus-tegangan dari dioda penyerah dan dioda zener, menentukan garis beban dan titik ker’a berdasarkan kur” dioda penyearah dan menentukan tegangan zener.

  30. 5202418069

    Dioda merupakan piranti non-linear karena grafik arus terhadap tegangan bukan berupa garis lurus. Alasannya adalah karena adanya potensial penghalang (potensial barrier). Saat tegangan dioda lebih kecil dari tegangan penghambat tersebut, maka arus dioda akan kecil. Ketika tegangan dioda melebihi potensial penghalang,arus dioda akan naik secara cepat.Apa bila gabungan semikonduktor Tipe P dan N dirangkai dengan arus dimana terminal negatif disambungkan pada semikonduktor tipe P dan terminal positif pada tipe N, maka yang terjadi adalah tidak akan terjadi arus, disebabkan karena tipe P yang kekurangan elektron dimana hole akan bergerak ke terminal negatif dan tipe N yang kelebihan elektron dimana elektron akan bergerak ke terminal positif sehingga hole maupun elektron tidak ada yang melewati batas antar semikonduktor tipe N dan P sehingga dapat dikatakan netral. Apabila gabungan semikonduktor Tipe P dan N dirangkai dengan arus dimana tipe P dihubungkan dengan terminal positif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan terminal negatif maka akan terjadi aliran arus Karena hole pada tipe P akan mengalir ke terminal negatif dan elektron pada tipe N akan mengalir ke terminal positif, hole maupun elektron akan bergerak melewati batas sehingga akan terjadi aliran arus sampai semua elektron dan hole seimbang antara terminal positif Dan negatif pada semikonduktor.

  31. Dioda terbuat dari bahan semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N.
    Jika semikonduktor tipe N dihubungkan dengan positif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka elektron akan mengalir langsung ke positif baterai tanpa melewati batas dan semikonduktor tipe P dihubungkan dengan negatif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka hole akan mengalir langsung ke negatif baterai tanpa melewati batas. Sehingga dengan kondisi tersebut maka tidak ada hole dan elektron yang melewati batas antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N, sehingga arus listrik tidak dapat mengalir.

    Dan sebaliknya jika semikonduktor tipe N dihubungkan dengan negatif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka elektron akan mengalir ke positif baterai dengan melewati batas, dan semikonduktor tipe P dihubungkan dengan positif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka hole akan mengalir ke negatif baterai dengan melewati batas. Dengan adanya elektron dan hole yang mengalir melewati batas antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N maka arus listrik dapat mengalir.

  32. 5202418062

    Dioda terbuat dari bahan semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N.
    Jika semikonduktor tipe N dihubungkan dengan positif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka elektron akan mengalir langsung ke positif baterai tanpa melewati batas dan semikonduktor tipe P dihubungkan dengan negatif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka hole akan mengalir langsung ke negatif baterai tanpa melewati batas. Sehingga dengan kondisi tersebut maka tidak ada hole dan elektron yang melewati batas antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N, sehingga arus listrik tidak dapat mengalir.

    Dan sebaliknya jika semikonduktor tipe N dihubungkan dengan negatif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka elektron akan mengalir ke positif baterai dengan melewati batas, dan semikonduktor tipe P dihubungkan dengan positif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka hole akan mengalir ke negatif baterai dengan melewati batas. Dengan adanya elektron dan hole yang mengalir melewati batas antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N maka arus listrik dapat mengalir.

  33. 5202418042
    Dioda terbuat dari bahan semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N.
    Jika semikonduktor tipe N dihubungkan dengan positif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka elektron akan mengalir langsung ke positif baterai tanpa melewati batas dan semikonduktor tipe P dihubungkan dengan negatif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka hole akan mengalir langsung ke negatif baterai tanpa melewati batas. Sehingga dengan kondisi tersebut maka tidak ada hole dan elektron yang melewati batas antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N, sehingga arus listrik tidak dapat mengalir.

    Dan sebaliknya jika semikonduktor tipe N dihubungkan dengan negatif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka elektron akan mengalir ke positif baterai dengan melewati batas, dan semikonduktor tipe P dihubungkan dengan positif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka hole akan mengalir ke negatif baterai dengan melewati batas. Dengan adanya elektron dan hole yang mengalir melewati batas antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N maka arus listrik dapat mengalir.

  34. 5202418042

    Jadi dioda terbuat dari bahan semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N.
    Jika semikonduktor tipe N dihubungkan dengan positif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka elektron akan mengalir langsung ke positif baterai tanpa melewati batas dan semikonduktor tipe P dihubungkan dengan negatif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka hole akan mengalir langsung ke negatif baterai tanpa melewati batas. Sehingga dengan kondisi tersebut maka tidak ada hole dan elektron yang melewati batas antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N, sehingga arus listrik tidak dapat mengalir.

    sebaliknya jika semikonduktor tipe N dihubungkan dengan negatif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka elektron akan mengalir ke positif baterai dengan melewati batas, dan semikonduktor tipe P dihubungkan dengan positif baterai atau sumber tegangan, maka hole akan mengalir ke negatif baterai dengan melewati batas. Dengan adanya elektron dan hole yang mengalir melewati batas antara semikonduktor tipe P dan tipe N maka arus listrik dapat mengalir.

  35. NIM: 5202418052

    Dioda merupakan piranti non-linear karena grafik arus terhadap tegangan bukan berupa garis lurus. Hal ini disebabkan karena di dalam dioda ada beda potensial (potensial barrier). Saat tegangan dioda lebih kecil dari tegangan penghambat tersebut, maka arus dioda akan kecil, dan sebaliknya. Apa bila gabungan semikonduktor Tipe P dan N dirangkai dengan arus dimana terminal negatif disambungkan pada semikonduktor tipe P dan terminal positif pada tipe N, maka yang terjadi adalah tidak akan terjadi arus, disebabkan karena tipe P yang kekurangan elektron dimana hole akan bergerak ke terminal negatif dan tipe N yang kelebihan elektron dimana elektron akan bergerak ke terminal positif sehingga hole maupun elektron tidak ada yang melewati batas antar semikonduktor tipe N dan P sehingga dapat dikatakan netral.

    Apabila gabungan semikonduktor Tipe P dan N dirangkai dengan arus dimana tipe P dihubungkan dengan terminal positif dan tipe N dihubungkan dengan terminal negatif maka akan terjadi aliran arus Karena hole pada tipe P akan mengalir ke terminal negatif dan elektron pada tipe N akan mengalir ke terminal positif, hole maupun elektron akan bergerak melewati batas sehingga akan terjadi aliran arus sampai semua elektron dan hole seimbang antara terminal positif Dan negatif pada semikonduktor.

  36. Semiconductor tipr P
    semikonduktor inidibuat dengan penambahan bahan galium,phosporus,dan boron memiliki tiga valence elestron intrinsic semiconductor. Melaluiempat lapisan luar electron yang dimilikinya, bila kedua jenis atom tidak initidak bisa berbagi elektron, menjadikanarus dapat mengalir dengan mudahnya dimana disebut hole. Tipe ini disebut dengan P karena diasumsikan muatan listriknya adalah positif . elektron mengisi hole tsb secara terus menerus bergerak menurun, arus mengalir melalui holeyang ada didlam semikonduktor P ini.
    Semiconductor tipe N
    semiconductor ini terbuat dariphosphorus, arsenic dan antimony. Memiliki 5 lapisan luar elektron dalam intrinsic semiconduktor. Bila 5 lapisan ini ditambahkan untuk mengikat siliconmaka satu elektron tetap bertahan sebagai kelebihan didalam actet, sehingga daya hantar elektron tsb bisa baik melalui gerak bebas elektron yang tertinggal. Semiconductor ini disebut dengan tipe Nkarena arusnya mengalir melalui semiconduktortipe N
    bila semiconductor tipr p dan N dirangkai dengan arus diman tipe N dihubungkan dengan terminal negatif dantipe P pada positif maka akan terjadi aliran arus listrik karenahole pada tipe P akan mengalir ke erminal negatif dan elektron pada tipe N akan mengalir ke terminal positif, hole dan elektron tsb akan bergerak melewati batas sehingga semua elektron dan hole seimbang

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